Download E-books Cruel and Unusual: The American Death Penalty and the Founders' Eighth Amendment PDF

By John D. Bessler

The traditional knowledge is that the founders have been avid loss of life penalty supporters. during this attention-grabbing and insightful exam of America’s 8th modification, legislation professor John D. Bessler explodes this fantasy and exhibits the founders’ conflicting and ambivalent perspectives on capital punishment. merciless and strange takes the reader again in time to teach how the indiscriminate use of executions gave method to a extra enlightened approach—one that has been evolving ever due to the fact that. whereas laying off very important new gentle at the U.S. Constitution’s “cruel and weird punishments” clause, Bessler explores the impression of Cesare Beccaria’s essay, On Crimes and Punishments, at the Founders’ perspectives, and the transformative houses of the Fourteenth modification, which made the invoice of Rights appropriate to the states. After critiquing the U.S. ideal Court’s current case legislations, this crucial quantity argues that America’s loss of life penalty—a vestige of a bygone period during which ear cropping and different ugly corporal punishments have been notion acceptable—should be declared unconstitutional.

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Download E-books A People's History of the Supreme Court: The Men and Women Whose Cases and Decisions Have Shaped Our Constitution (Revised Edition) PDF

By Peter Irons

Recent alterations within the ideally suited court docket have put the venerable establishment on the vanguard of present affairs, making this accomplished and interesting paintings as well timed as ever. within the culture of Howard Zinn's vintage A People's historical past of the United States, Peter Irons chronicles the selections that experience stimulated nearly each point of our society, from the debates over judicial strength to arguable rulings long ago relating to slavery, racial segregation, and abortion, in addition to extra present circumstances approximately tuition prayer, the Bush/Gore election effects, and "enemy combatants."   A finished historical past of the folk and circumstances that experience replaced background, this can be the definitive account of the nation's optimum court.

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Download E-books No Law: Intellectual Property in the Image of an Absolute First Amendment PDF

By David Lange

The unique textual content of the structure supplies Congress the ability to create a regime of highbrow estate safety. the 1st modification, although, prohibits Congress from enacting any legislation that abridges the freedoms of speech and of the click. whereas many have lengthy famous the stress among those provisions, contemporary criminal and cultural advancements have reworked mere stress into clash. No Law bargains a brand new approach to strategy those debates.

In eloquent and passionate variety, Lange and Powell argue that the 1st modification imposes absolute limits upon claims of exclusivity in highbrow estate and expression, and strips Congress of the ability to limit own concept and loose expression within the identify of highbrow estate rights. notwithstanding the 1st modification doesn't repeal the Constitutional highbrow estate clause in its entirety, copyright, patent, and trademark legislation can't constitutionally license the non-public commodification of the general public domain.

The authors declare that whereas the specific rights at the moment mirrored in highbrow estate aren't honestly had to motivate highbrow productiveness, they increase a compelling resolution for a way Congress, even in the limits imposed by way of an absolute First modification, can nonetheless keep watch over incentives for highbrow creations. these attracted to the effect copyright doctrines have on freedom of expression within the U.S. and the theoretical and useful elements of highbrow estate legislations may want to take a better examine this bracing, resonant work.

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Download E-books Capital Punishment (Historical Guides to Controversial Issues in America) PDF

This balanced method of criminal precedent and ethical argument concerning the demise penalty offers the facts so readers can succeed in their very own knowledgeable conclusions.

• 15 black-and-white photos

• Excerpts from criminal files, courtroom judgements, and statistical and survey data

• Timeline

• Bibliography

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Download E-books Liberty, Equality, and Power: A History of the American People, Volume 1: To 1877 PDF

By Gary Gerstle, James M. McPherson, Paul E. Johnson, John M. Murrin, Alice Fahs, Emily S. Rosenberg, Norman L. Rosenberg

Knowing the earlier is helping us navigate the current and destiny. should you learn this article, you won't purely find out about American heritage, you can be uncovered to video clips and tune that inform the tales of yankee background as well as the analyzing fabric you are expecting in a faculty point heritage publication. A hugely revered, balanced, and punctiliously glossy method of US historical past, LIBERTY, EQUALITY, strength, makes use of subject matters in a different method of convey how the U.S. was once remodeled, in a comparatively little while, from a land inhabited by means of hunter-gatherer and agricultural local American societies into the main robust business country in the world. This procedure is helping not just the impression of the notions of liberty and equality, that are usually linked to the yankee tale, but additionally how dominant and subordinate teams have affected and been stricken by the ever-shifting stability of energy.

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Download E-books Democracy in the Dark: The Seduction of Government Secrecy PDF

From Dick Cheney's man-sized secure to the nationwide safety Agency's big intelligence amassing, secrecy has too frequently captured the yank government's modus operandi greater than the beliefs of the structure. during this vital new ebook, Frederick A.O. Schwarz Jr., who used to be leader information to the U.S. Church Committee on Intelligence—which exposed the FBI's attempt to push Martin Luther King to dedicate suicide; the CIA's enlistment of the Mafia to attempt to kill Fidel Castro; and the NSA's thirty-year software to get copies of all telegrams leaving the United States—uses examples starting from the shedding of the 1st atomic bomb and the Cuban Missile drawback to Iran Contra and September 11 to light up this imperative query: how a lot secrecy does strong governance require? Schwarz argues that whereas a few keep an eye on of knowledge is important, governments are likely to fall prey to a tradition of secrecy that's finally not only dangerous to democracy yet antithetical to it. This historical past presents the fundamental context to fresh circumstances from Chelsea Manning to Edward Snowden.

Democracy within the Dark is a normal better half to Schwarz's Unchecked and Unbalanced, co-written with Aziz Huq, which plumbed the ability of the administrative branch—a strength that regularly is dependent upon and derives from using secrecy.

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Download E-books Teen Cyberbullying Investigated: Where Do Your Rights End and Consequences Begin? PDF

By Thomas A. Jacobs

How do children understand after they may be “one click on clear of the clink”? In Teen Cyberbullying Investigated, pass judgement on Tom Jacobs offers a robust selection of landmark lawsuits concerning adolescents and costs of cyberbullying, inclusive of: sending insulting or threatening emails, textual content, or rapid messages on to somebody; spreading hateful reviews approximately somebody via emails, blogs, or chat rooms; stealing passwords and sending out threatening messages utilizing a fake identification; and development a website to focus on particular humans. each one bankruptcy beneficial properties the seminal case and ensuing choice, asks readers whether or not they believe the choice, and urges them to contemplate how the choice impacts their lives. Chapters additionally contain similar situations, vital evidence and records, and proposals for additional examining. With an ever-increasing variety of critical instances of cyberbullying and faculty violence, this e-book is required extra urgently than ever.

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Download E-books Routledge Handbook of Constitutional Law PDF

The Routledge guide of Constitutional Law is a complicated point reference paintings which surveys the present kingdom of constitutional legislations. that includes new, specifically commissioned papers by means of quite a number best students from world wide, it bargains a accomplished evaluation of the sphere in addition to picking promising avenues for destiny study. The booklet provides the most important concerns in constitutional legislation thematically taking into consideration a really comparative method of the topic. It additionally can pay specific cognizance to constitutional layout, opting for and comparing a number of suggestions to the demanding situations fascinated with constitutional structure.

The booklet is divided into 4 elements for ease of reference:

  • Part One: basic concerns "sets problems with constitutional legislations firmly in context together with themes equivalent to the making of constitutions, the influence of faith and tradition on constitutions, and the connection among overseas legislation and household constitutions.
  • Part : constructions offers various techniques in regard to associations or nation association and structural innovations similar to emergency powers and electoral systems
  • Part 3: Rights covers the most important rights usually enshrined in constitutions
  • Part 4: New demanding situations - explores problems with value similar to migration and refugees, sovereignty stressed from globalization, Supranational organisations and their function in growing post-conflict constitutions, and new technological demanding situations.

Providing updated and authoritative articles masking all of the key points of constitutional legislations, this reference paintings is key examining for complicated scholars, students and practitioners within the box.

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Download E-books The Sacrament of Language: An Archaeology of the Oath (Meridian: Crossing Aesthetics) PDF

By Giorgio Agamben

This publication is a continuation of Giorgio Agamben's research of political thought, which begun with the hugely influential quantity Homo Sacer: Sovereign energy and naked Life. Having already traced the roots of the assumption of sovereignty, sacredness, and economic system, he now turns to a maybe not likely subject: the idea that of the oath. Following the Italian student Paolo Prodi, Agamben sees the oath as foundational for Western politics and undertakes an exploration of the roots of the phenomenon of the oath in human adventure. He rejects the typical concept that the oath reveals its beginning in faith, arguing in its place that the oath issues towards a specific reaction to the adventure of language, a reaction that gave start to either faith and legislations as we now recognize them. This e-book is critical not just for readers of Agamben or of continental philosophy extra extensively, yet for an individual drawn to questions in terms of the relationships between faith, legislation, and language.

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Download E-books United Nations Sanctions and the Rule of Law (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law) PDF

By Jeremy Matam Farrall

The United international locations protection Council has more and more resorted to sanctions as a part of its efforts to avoid and unravel clash. during this 2007 publication, Farrall lines the evolution of the safety Council's sanctions powers and charts the contours of the UN sanctions method. He additionally evaluates the level to which the safety Council's expanding dedication to strengthening the guideline of legislations extends to its sanctions perform. The booklet identifies shortcomings in recognize of key rule of legislation ideas and advances pragmatic policy-reform proposals designed to make sure that UN sanctions advertise, advance and toughen the guideline of legislation. In its appendices United countries Sanctions and the rule of thumb of legislations includes summaries of all 25 UN sanctions regimes validated to this point via the safety Council. It types a useful resource of reference for diplomats, policymakers, students and advocates.

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